What is Somatic Experiencing Therapy and How Does it Heal Trauma?
In Peter Levine’s classic book on healing, Waking The Tiger, he has a whimsical section entitled, “Blame it on the Neocortex”. In other words, when it comes to dealing with traumatic events, be they crisis events or ongoing hardships, we humans are “overthinking things to our own detriment”. This is why cognitive-behavior approaches to trauma events are often ineffective. Levine says, “The neocortex is not powerful enough to override the instinctual defense response to threat and danger— the flight, flee or freeze responses”
Animals have primitive coping responses when faced by disrupting/disarming events. They respond instinctively. Turtles duck under the water, moles burrow; dogs, wolves, and coyotes roll over in a submissive posture. All animals have a survival “freeze” response as well as a flight pattern and fight pattern. Of course some, animals are first fighters and only secondarily those who flee. “No animal”, says Levine, “has conscious control over whether it freezes in response to a threat”. That includes us human beings. In response to a threat, we can fight, flee or freeze. Freezing is the last option when the others fail and we don’t choose that one: our nervous system, based upon its primitive survival make up, decides that for us. And that freeze response can cause us a lot of trouble. Symptoms such as depression, emotional and relational distancing, numbness and lack of motivation, disassociation, and physical ailments can all be the result of a highly charged life-threatening experience that gets “shut down” or “frozen inside us”. The fight and flight responses can also cause havoc when they get internalized.
So here is the problem with the “neocortex solution” to trauma events. In the aftermath of a traumatic event or a history of such events, the frontal brain doesn’t know how to deal with the fight, flight and freeze responses and energies that are still locked into the nervous system following those intense events. That stuff is also lodged (or stuck) in the “primitive brain”, the nervous system and the body.
So how do we get “unstuck” you ask? Somatic Experiencing Therapy brings healing through awareness. Most of the awareness centers on the “felt sense” in the body as opposed to the cognitive memories or thoughts of the exact events. Clients learn self-regulation and self-calming through co-regulation with the therapist. Outmoded defensive patterns are abandoned for new patterns of self-awareness. The natural healing instincts of the body prevail when clients are supported and nurtured in a way that the whole person can fully receive. Lectures are stimulating and interesting, but they don’t usually heal trauma. Talk can only do so much. The story is only part of the memory. There is other memory held in the “ primitive brain” and the body.
So what are we to do? We learn to regulate our nervous systems with the help of a therapist. We release old, trapped and damaging memories. We attend to ourselves, learn to track the things that disturb us on the level of the “felt sense”, and we find the inner resources that have been there all along. We notice the things that make us “feel good”. We tap into the calm and the strength that is within us. We heal through renewed confidence, self-awareness, courage, and hope.
The Somatic Experiencing method is a body-oriented psychotherapy approach to the healing of trauma, along with other stress disorders. Dr. Peter A. Levine invented the therapy method as a result of a multidisciplinary study of stress physiology, psychology, ethology, biology, neuroscience, indigenous healing practices, and medical biophysics—together with over 45 years of successful clinical application. The Somatic Experiencing approach works to release traumatic shock, which is one of the keys to transforming PTSD and the wounds of emotional and early developmental attachment trauma.
More articles on Somatic Experiencing Therapy here (on healthforlifegr.com)
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